Climate Change Research ›› 2021, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (1): 88-97.doi: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2020.241

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Progress and trends of global carbon neutrality pledges

ZHANG Ya-Xin1, LUO Hui-Lin1, WANG Can1,2()   

  1. 1 School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
    2 National and Global Governance Institute, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • Received:2020-10-18 Revised:2020-12-13 Online:2021-01-30 Published:2021-02-04
  • Contact: WANG Can


China put forward the goal of 2060 carbon neutrality in the general debate of the 75th UN General Assembly. Existing researches pay less attention to carbon neutrality or lack of understanding of its international situation. This paper presents a review of the target contents and policies and regulations documents of 31 carbon-neutral commitment countries in the world. By analyzing the contents and trends of carbon neutrality documents in various countries, it is found that carbon neutrality is becoming an important part of global climate governance, and developed countries/regions such as the European Union are important leaders in carbon neutrality action. High emission countries including the United States and India shall join the international community of carbon neutrality. The international community shall carefully design the strategies and policy pathways towards carbon neutrality, and include the carbon neutrality vision in international climate governance. China should strengthen the research on carbon neutrality strategies in key countries, draw lessons from the technological path, policy measures and advanced experience in low-carbon recovery and social fair transformation of the country. Follow-up researches should be carried out on international carbon neutrality actions for fast identification of climate governance opportunities and response to changes in the international climate governance situation.

Key words: Carbon neutrality, Climate change, Long-term strategy, Low-carbon recovery

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