Climate Change Research ›› 2020, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (4): 505-515.doi: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2019.308

• Adaptation to Climate Change • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Japan's multi-agent framework for climate change adaptation and its enlightenment to China — from the perspective of law and policy

YUAN Yuan1(), LI Guo-Qing2()   

  1. 1 University of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (Graduate School), Beijing 102488, China
    2 Institute of Ecological Civilization, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100028, China
  • Received:2019-12-30 Revised:2020-03-13 Online:2020-07-30 Published:2020-08-05
  • Contact: LI Guo-Qing;


Through the systematic review of the development process of Japan's climate change adaptation laws and policies, the paper analyzes the framework mechanism of multi-agent adaptation to climate change in Japan, and combining its current specific adaptation practice progress, this paper summarizes the experience and enlightenment that can be used for reference by China. It is found that the development of Japan's climate change adaptation law and policy has gone through three stages: focusing on mitigation and neglecting adaptation, rising to national strategy and legislation. Japan has formed a multi-agent adaptation framework with the state, National Environmental Research Institute, local public entity, regional climate change adaptation center, enterprises and residents as the main body. The mechanism of multi-agent adaptation to climate change is constructed from the following five aspects: transformation of scientific research achievements and decision-making application, the effective cycle of “sharing, feedback, updating” of adaptation information, establishment of cross regional cooperation platform, adaptation funding support, implementation of progress monitoring and management. At present, Japan is gradually carrying out the practice of adaptation, but the work of adaptation is still in the initial stage. The evaluation system of adaptive information sharing system, cross regional cooperation rules and the implementation effect of adaptive policies needs to be further improved. Combined with Japan's legal policy experience and China's specific situation, the following policy recommendations are put forward. China should scientifically position its legal position in adapting to climate change, speed up the climate change adaptation legislation, improve the mechanism system of multi-agent adaptation framework of “monitoring and evaluation, information sharing, adaptation action, effect evaluation”, guide enterprises to adopt climate risk management and adaptive business activities, and improve the residents' adaptive cognition and adaptability.

Key words: Climate change adaption, Multi-agent, Laws and policies, Framework mechanism, Practice progress, Japan

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