Climate Change Research ›› 2021, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (1): 98-106.doi: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2020.096

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A new model for international cooperation on climate change: exploring Trilateral Cooperation

ZUO Jia-Lu1, ZHANG Lei2, CHEN Min-Peng3()   

  1. 1 School of International Studies, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
    2 School of Environment and Natural Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
    3 School of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development (SARD), Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
  • Received:2020-05-06 Revised:2020-05-29 Online:2021-01-30 Published:2021-02-04
  • Contact: CHEN Min-Peng


Trilateral Cooperation is a new model of international cooperation that complements the conventional South-South and North-South Cooperation models. Because of the advantages of fully mobilizing multiple resources, strong complementary effects of developed countries and emerging countries, and flexibility, Trilateral Cooperation has now gained the attention and participation of more countries and international organizations. 838 Trilateral Cooperation projects have been implemented worldwide in 2016, and 2/3 of the members of the Development Assistance Committee of the Organization for Economic Development and Cooperation (OECD) are participating in Trilateral Cooperation projects to varying degrees. Among them, Germany, Japan, Spain and the United States are involved in the largest number of projects. Among the emerging donors, Chile and Mexico are the countries with the highest participation in Trilateral Cooperation projects. Currently, the implementation period of trilateral projects is short, the funding size of projects is small, and 29% of projects refer to green goals. Although there are currently few cases of climate change Trilateral Cooperation, 32 developing countries and 5 developed countries have expressed interest in Trilateral Cooperation on climate change by the end of 2018. Due to its late start, climate change Trilateral Cooperation is currently facing problems such as insufficient funding, complicated communication and coordination processes, and high collaboration costs. China should actively explore Trilateral Cooperation on climate change, promote resource integration of South-South Cooperation, Trilateral Cooperation and other multilateral and bilateral cooperation in various sectors, and should enhance project management to improve effectiveness and impact.

Key words: Climate change, Trilateral Cooperation, Traditional donor, Emerging donor, South-South Cooperation

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