Climate Change Research ›› 2020, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (5): 641-651.doi: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2019.130

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Experience and enlightenment on policy mechanisms for the international adaptation to climate change

FU Lin(), ZHOU Ze-Yu, YANG Xiu()   

  1. National Center for Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation (NCSC), Beijing 100038, China
  • Received:2019-06-04 Revised:2019-09-20 Online:2020-09-30 Published:2020-09-30
  • Contact: YANG Xiu;


China attaches great importance to climate change adaptation, implements the principle of equal attention to mitigation and adaptation, and has issued a series of policy documents such as strategies, plans and action programs related to climate change adaptation. However, China’s policies and actions to climate change adaptation are at the initial stage and are facing challenges such as lack of laws and regulations, inadequate monitoring and evaluation, and imperfect organizational coordination mechanism. The types, quantities and intensity of adaptation policies are much weaker than mitigation policies as well. In order to improve the framework design of climate change adaptation policies and mechanisms, this paper reviews relevant research, international mechanism of adaptation to climate change under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and the design of adaptation policies and mechanisms of major countries, and constructs a closed-loop framework of adaptation, and summarizes the reference and enlightenment for China from international policy and mechanism of adaptation from five aspects: legislation construction, formulation of adaptation strategies and plans, monitoring and evaluation, coordination mechanism and financial mechanism. This paper provides relevant suggestions for establishing and improving the framework design of climate change adaptation policies and mechanisms in China, including the establishment and improvement of the legal system on climate change adaptation, constructing a national policy system for climate change adaptation, improving the design of national climate change adaptation mechanism, supporting capacity building for climate change adaptation, promoting international cooperation on climate change adaptation.

Key words: Climate change adaptation, Policy mechanisms, Assessment, Legislation, Coordination mechanism

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