Climate Change Research ›› 2019, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (6): 684-692.doi: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2019.022

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Establishment and implementation prospects of the enhanced transparency system under the Paris Agreement

Tian WANG1,Liang DONG2,Xiang GAO1()   

  1. 1 National Center for Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation, Beijing 100038, China
    2 Institute of Asian Studies, China Foreign Affairs University, Beijing 100037, China
  • Received:2019-01-23 Revised:2019-03-10 Online:2019-11-30 Published:2019-11-30
  • Contact: Xiang GAO


The transparency system, which mainly includes reporting and review of information submitted by Parties, is an important guarantee for the effective implementation of the Paris Agreement. The Paris Agreement established the enhanced transparency framework and adopted the implementation rules at the end of 2018, forming an enhanced transparency system. Building on existing transparency experiences and practices, this system applies common modalities, procedures, and guidelines while providing flexibility and support to developing countries to enhance transparency, reflecting common but differentiated obligation by Parties under the Paris Agreement. The system is conducive to improving the quality and comparability of Parties’ national reports, urging all Parties to fulfill their obligations and enhancing mutual trust in the multilateral mechanisms of global climate governance. However, compared with the current practice, this system has imposed a strong burden on developing countries while not strengthening respective support, and the overall operational efficiency of the system itself remains to be seen. To this end, countries should prepare for domestic institutional mechanisms, and the international community should continue to support developing countries for their compliance and strengthen their corresponding capacity building.

Key words: Climate change, Paris Agreement, Transparency, International regime, Implementation rule

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