Climate Change Research ›› 2020, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (3): 367-372.doi: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2020.014

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Stocktaking on the Madrid Climate Change Conference and perspectives on global climate governance

Xing FAN,Ji-Jie WANG,Tian WANG,Xiang GAO()   

  1. National Center for Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation, Beijing 100035, China
  • Received:2020-01-15 Revised:2020-03-03 Online:2020-05-30 Published:2020-06-15
  • Contact: Xiang GAO


The 25th session of the Conference of the Parties under United Nations Framework on Climate Change Convention has made some progress in part of the key items. However, it failed to reach agreement on the implementation rules of the market mechanism in Article 6 of the Paris Agreement, which is the most concerned issue in COP25 by all Parties. There are four main reasons for the insipid results of COP25. Firstly, it was overemphasized on calling for mitigation ambition enhancement from all Parties, but it failed to focus on the negotiations related to Article 6 of the Paris Agreement. Secondly, the COP president and some Parties were too eager to bring the ambition enhancement issue into the negotiation process, which has not been seen as a political consensus. It destroyed the negotiation atmosphere. Thirdly, various negotiation issues are managed in an unbalanced manner. Fourthly, the developed countries intended to evade their responsibilities under the Convention, which promoted greater solidarity of developing countries and pushed them to the opposite. Regarding the prospective future of global climate multilateral process, the negotiation on Article 6 of the Paris Agreement will continuously to be the crucial mission. The ambition enhancement will also be a key topic of discussion. However, overemphasizing the target of 1.5℃ may lead to the risk of renegotiation on the Paris Agreement. Meanwhile, the intention of developed countries to evade and transfer their responsibilities under the Convention is becoming more obvious. The global climate governance should focus on the ambition of commitment implementation, and in the meantime, advance the implementation of the Convention and its Paris Agreement.

Key words: Climate change, United Nations, Climate negotiation, Global climate governance, Paris Agreement

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