气候变化研究进展

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交通运输温室气体核算边界和测算方法研究

李晓易,吴睿   

  1. 1 交通运输部规划研究院环境资源所,北京 100028;
    2 交通运输部规划研究院交通排放控制监测技术实验室, 北京100028
  • 收稿日期:2022-02-22 修回日期:2022-04-20 出版日期:2022-06-23 发布日期:2022-06-23
  • 通讯作者: 李晓易

Research on greenhouse gas emissions accounting boundaries and calculating method of the transport sector

LI Xiao-Yi 1, 2, WU Rui 1, 2   

  1. 1 Department of Environmental Resources, Transport Planning and Research Institute, Ministry of Transport, Beijing 100028, China;
    2 Laboratory of Transport Pollution Control and Monitoring Technology, Transport Planning and Research Institute, Ministry of Transport, Beijing 100028, China
  • Received:2022-02-22 Revised:2022-04-20 Online:2022-06-23 Published:2022-06-23
  • Contact: Xiao-Yi LI

摘要: 交通运输行业是温室气体排放的主要来源之一。双碳目标对交通领域碳减排工作提出了更高的要求。我国交通运输行业能源消耗统计和温室气体排放测算的统计数据基础较为薄弱,目前国家层面尚未公布统一的交通运输温室气体核算方法,温室气体排放存在底数不清的问题,其核算边界、范围、方法都有待进一步明确。文中通过梳理国内外交通运输领域温室气体核算边界及测算方法,提出了适用于我国交通运输不同子领域温室气体的测算研究思路。并针对我国交通运输温室气体核算工作现存问题,从健全行业能耗与排放核算方法体系、建立交通运输能耗与碳排放数据共享机制、加强交通能耗与碳排放核算方法培训、强化数据质量管理等方面提出相应的政策建议,为我国交通运输行业温室气体排放核算工作的持续开展提供参考。

关键词: 交通运输行业, 温室气体, 碳排放, 核算边界, 测算方法

Abstract: The transport sector is one of the major sources of greenhouse gas emissions. The proposal of “dual-carbon” targets puts forward higher requirements for carbon emission reduction in the transport sector. At present, the accounting method for greenhouse gases has not been unified in the transport sector at the national level. Drawing on the experience and practice of domestic and overseas greenhouse gas emissions accounting boundaries and calculating methods for the transport sector, this paper puts forward the greenhouse gas emissions accounting methods applicable to different modes of transportation in China. Aiming at the existing problems in the transport greenhouse gas accounting, corresponding policy recommendations in establishing energy consumption and emissions accounting method system, setting up the transport energy consumption and carbon emissions data sharing mechanism, strengthening transportation energy consumption emissions accounting methods training, improving data quality management are proposed in this study, to provide a reference for the continuous development of greenhouse gas emissions accounting in China’s transport sector.

Key words: Transport sector, Greenhouse gas, Carbon emission, Accounting boundaries, Accounting methods

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