气候变化研究进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (4): 400-409.doi: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2021.014

• 减污降碳协同增效专栏 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国水泥行业节能减排措施的协同控制效应评估研究

何峰1,2, 刘峥延3, 邢有凯1,4, 高玉冰1,5, 毛显强1()   

  1. 1 北京师范大学环境学院,北京 100875
    2 北京易二零环境股份有限公司,北京 100195
    3 中国宏观经济研究院国土开发与地区经济研究所,北京 100038
    4 交通运输部规划研究院,交通排放控制监测技术实验室, 北京 100028
    5 北京亚太展望环境发展咨询中心,北京 100191
  • 收稿日期:2021-03-08 修回日期:2021-04-20 出版日期:2021-07-30 发布日期:2021-08-11
  • 通讯作者: 毛显强
  • 作者简介:何峰,男,环境保护工程师
  • 基金资助:
    能源基金会工业项目“钢铁、水泥行业深度脱碳的协同控制效果评估与路径设计”(G-1809-28536)

Co-control effect evaluation of the energy saving and emission reduction measures in Chinese cement industry

HE Feng1,2, LIU Zheng-Yan3, XING You-Kai1,4, GAO Yu-Bing1,5, MAO Xian-Qiang1()   

  1. 1 School of Environment, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
    2 Beijing E20 Environment Co., Ltd, Beijing 100195, China
    3 Institute of Spatial Planning and Regional Economy, China Academy of Macroeconomic Research, Beijing 100038, China
    4 Transport Planning and Research Institute, Ministry of Transport, Laboratory of Transport Pollution Control and Monitoring Technology, Beijing 100028, China
    5 Asia-Pacific Consulting Center for Environment and Development, Beijing 100191, China
  • Received:2021-03-08 Revised:2021-04-20 Online:2021-07-30 Published:2021-08-11
  • Contact: MAO Xian-Qiang

摘要:

水泥行业是温室气体与局地污染物协同控制的重点行业。以往该行业的协同控制评估或针对个别企业,或采用自上而下和自下而上模拟模型结合情景分析评估行业协同减排效益,尚缺乏系统评估水泥行业全系列节能减排措施(或技术)协同控制效果的研究。文中首先测算水泥行业24项节能减排措施综合大气污染物协同减排量,再通过协同控制效应坐标系、交叉弹性、单位污染物减排成本等评估指标和方法,对这些措施开展协同控制效果评估。结果表明大多数节能减排措施可协同减排局地大气污染物;协同减排潜力最大的是结构调整措施;能效提升与节能措施的协同减排成本较低,但减排潜力有限。本文强化了水泥行业节能减排措施的协同控制效能特性分析,可为水泥行业开展协同控制路径规划提供参考。

关键词: 水泥行业, 协同控制, 碳减排, 污染减排, 效果评估

Abstract:

Cement industry is a key sector for co-control of greenhouse gases and local pollutants. In the past, research on the industry’s co-control evaluations either was targeted at individual companies, or applied top-down and bottom-up simulation models in combination with scenario analysis to evaluate the industry’s co-control benefits. There is rarely research on systematic evaluation of the cement industry’s full range of energy-saving and emission reduction measures’ co-control effects. In the paper, a new index of Integrated Air Pollutant Co-control Emission Reduction (ICER) of 24 different measures is calculated. Co-control effects coordinate system, co-control cross elasticity, unit pollutant reduction cost and the marginal abatement cost curve are applied to examine the co-control effects for different measures. The results show that most energy-saving and emission reduction measures can synergistically reduce pollution; the greatest potential for emission reduction is from structural adjustment measures; the unit cost of energy efficiency improvement and energy-saving measures is relatively low, but the potential for emission reduction is limited. The analysis of the co-control performance of the energy-saving and emission reduction measures can provide a reference for the industry to carry out co-control path planning.

Key words: Cement industry, Co-control, Carbon emissions reduction, Pollution emissions reduction, Effect evaluation

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