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气候变化研究进展  2019, Vol. 15 Issue (3): 217-221    DOI: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2019.002
  碳市场建设专栏 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
碳市场顶层设计路线图
邹骥1,柴麒敏2,陈济3,傅莎2,葛兴安4,胡敏5,李昂5,林丹妮4,林殷4,刘冬惠6,刘俊伶7,刘爽1,祁悦2,王克8,王庶9,张俊杰6
1 能源基金会(美国)北京办事处,北京100004
2 国家应对气候变化战略研究和国际合作中心,北京100038
3 落基山研究所,北京100020
4 深圳排放权交易所,深圳 518057
5 绿色创新发展中心,北京100600
6 昆山杜克大学环境研究中心,昆山215316
7 清华-伯克利深圳学院,深圳518055
8 中国人民大学环境研究学院,北京100872
9 ICF国际咨询公司,北京100020
The roadmap of China’s national carbon emission trading scheme
Ji ZOU1,Qi-Min CHAI2,Ji CHEN3,Sha FU2,Xing-An GE4,Min HU5,Ang LI5,Dan-Ni LIN4,Yin LIN4,Dong-Hui LIU6,Jun-Ling LIU7,Shuang LIU1,Yue QI2,Ke WANG8,Shu WANG9,Jun-Jie ZHANG6
1 Energy Foundation, Beijing 100004, China
2 National Center of Climate Change Strategy and International Cooperation, Beijing 100038, China
3 Rocky Mountain Institute, Beijing 100020, China
4 Shenzhen Emissions Exchange, Shenzhen 518057, China
5 Innovative Green Development Program, Beijing 100600, China
6 Environmental Research Center, Duke Kunshan University, Kunshan215316, China
7 Tsinghua-Berkeley Shenzhen Institute, Shenzhen 518055, China
8 School of Environment & Natural Resources, Renmin University of China, Beijing 100872, China
9 ICF International Inc., Beijing 100020, China
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摘要 

中国正面临着低碳减排和保持经济增速的双重挑战。为利用碳排放权交易机制以最低的社会成本实现减排目标,我国自2013年起开始建设碳排放权交易试点,并于2017年12月起宣布正式启动全国碳市场。然而碳市场的顶层设计不可一蹴而就,需要在我国宏观经济改革的大背景下分阶段逐步推进。短期(2020年前)碳市场建设重在强化产权制度建设,完善市场交易基础。中期(2021—2030年)碳市场建设要形成活跃的市场氛围,充分降低我国的温室气体达峰成本。长期(2031—2050年)碳市场建设要形成稳定上升的碳价趋势,为我国的低碳转型提供长期动力。

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作者相关文章
邹骥
柴麒敏
陈济
傅莎
葛兴安
胡敏
李昂
林丹妮
林殷
刘冬惠
刘俊伶
刘爽
祁悦
王克
王庶
张俊杰
关键词:  碳市场  经济学  顶层设计    
Abstract: 

China is facing the dual challenges of mitigating climate change and maintaining the pace of economic growth. In order to control greenhouse gas emissions with the least social cost, China has piloted seven regional carbon markets since 2013. More importantly, it announced the launching of the national emission trading scheme (ETS) in late 2017. To rationalize the design of the national ETS, this paper aims to provide a roadmap of China’s ETS development from an economic perspective. In the short-term, the priority is to develop a robust market by enhancing the establishment of property rights and monitoring, reporting, and verification (MRV) system. In the mid-term, the national ETS should increase its market liquidity with a higher share of allowance auctioned and the development of carbon finance. In the long-term, the ETS should gradually tighten its emission target to form an explicit while increasing carbon price, and to provide a continuous incentive for China’s decarbonization.

Key words:  Carbon market    Economic perspective    Top-level design
收稿日期:  2019-01-02      修回日期:  2019-03-13           出版日期:  2019-05-30      发布日期:  2019-06-06      期的出版日期:  2019-05-30
基金资助: 自然科学基金项目(71773043);自然科学基金项目(71773062);能源基金会资助项目(G-1711-27079)
作者简介:  邹骥,男,教授,zouji@efchina.org
引用本文:    
邹骥,柴麒敏,陈济,傅莎,葛兴安,胡敏,李昂,林丹妮,林殷,刘冬惠,刘俊伶,刘爽,祁悦,王克,王庶,张俊杰. 碳市场顶层设计路线图[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2019, 15(3): 217-221.
Ji ZOU,Qi-Min CHAI,Ji CHEN,Sha FU,Xing-An GE,Min HU,Ang LI,Dan-Ni LIN,Yin LIN,Dong-Hui LIU,Jun-Ling LIU,Shuang LIU,Yue QI,Ke WANG,Shu WANG,Jun-Jie ZHANG. The roadmap of China’s national carbon emission trading scheme. Climate Change Research, 2019, 15(3): 217-221.
链接本文:  
http://www.climatechange.cn/CN/10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2019.002  或          http://www.climatechange.cn/CN/Y2019/V15/I3/217
要素 监管主体 监管内容与手段
碳市场制度设计 中央生态环境主管部门 建立分阶段碳市场制度调整机制,开展第三方机构的资质管理,保障市场公正性和信息透明度
配额总量分配 中央/地方生态环境主管部门 确定配额总量、分配规则、地区基准配额和集中度高的重点行业配额,建立配额调整机制和碳价格波动防范机制
碳交易履约 地方生态环境主管部门 合理设置碳交易履约流程和规范,采用综合的处罚手段,加强执法监察,提高违约成本
碳金融 一行两会 建立金融机构交易活动数据的监测和分析机制,以及境外机构碳交易资金的进出境监控机制
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