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气候变化研究进展  2019, Vol. 15 Issue (3): 232-245    DOI: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2018.165
  碳市场建设专栏 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
碳市场建设路径研究:国际经验及对中国的启示
易兰1,贺倩1,李朝鹏2,杨历1
1 陕西师范大学国际商学院,西安 710119
2 西安交通大学经济与金融学院,西安 710061
Research on the pathways of carbon market development: international experiences and implications for China
Lan YI1,Qian HE1,Zhao-Peng LI2,Li YANG1
1 International Business School, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710119, China
2 School of Economics and Finance, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710061, China
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摘要 

基于国际碳市场建设的初始决策环境,从政治诉求、决策环境、经济基础、市场根基等4个维度的32个子指标构建了碳市场建立背景与条件指标体系,据此深入挖掘了欧盟碳排放权交易体系(EU ETS)、美国区域温室气体减排行动(RGGI)、美国西部行动倡议(WCI)等国际典型碳市场建立的背景与基础条件,并归纳出各国建立不同类型碳市场的必要条件,进而判断中国建立各类碳市场所具备的条件和不足之处。研究发现:跨界联盟型碳市场建立通常具备经济联系紧密、单个地区减排成本过高和地理位置临近等3个要点;国家型碳市场建立通常考虑到了国家强制减排责任、能源结构转型需求强烈和稳固的国家立法保障等方面;地区型碳市场的建立需满足地区减排诉求强烈与国家层面排放权立法缺失等条件;行业型碳市场建立的基础条件则包括温室气体排放集中度高、行业竞争力保护、重点行业排放需求增长和行业排放数据基础稳固等4个特征。当前,中国碳市场应重点考虑行业型与跨界联盟型碳市场并行的建设模式,进一步完善碳市场监管法律体系,加快各省市排放数据清单制作,加强地方碳市场能力建设培训,尽快完善国家型碳市场建立的基本条件,进而实现温室气体减排与产业结构升级的双重目标。

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易兰
贺倩
李朝鹏
杨历
关键词:  市场类型  市场环境  碳市场  国际经验    
Abstract: 

Based on the development history of the typical international carbon market, this study established an evaluation index system composed of 32 sub-indicators, measured from the four dimensions of political appeal, decision-making environment, economic base, and market foundation. In depth analysis is conducted on European Emissions Trading System (EU ETS), Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI), Western Climate Initiative (WCI) etc., in order to summarize the common criteria for different types of international carbon markets and find out which type of market is most suitable for China. The establishment of a cross-border coalition-based carbon market usually considers three key points: close economic links, high cost of abatement in individual regions, and proximity of geographical locations. The establishment of national carbon markets usually takes into consideration the national mandatory emission reduction responsibilities, strong demand for energy structure transformation, and stable national legislation protection. The establishment of regional carbon markets usually includes conditions such as strong regional emission reduction requirements and lack of national legislation of emission rights. The prerequisites for the establishment of industry-based carbon markets include four characteristics: high concentration of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, protection of industrial competitiveness, increases in demand of key emission industries, and solid foundation for industrial emission data. Therefore, this study proposes that China’s carbon market development should consider combination of industry-based and cross-border coalition-based carbon markets, further improve the effectiveness of regulatory policy system, accelerate the collection of local GHG emission inventory data, and strengthen local capacity building so as to achieve the dual goals of GHG emission reduction and industrial restructuring and upgrading through the carbon market.

Key words:  Market type    Market environment    Carbon market    International experience
收稿日期:  2018-11-22      修回日期:  2019-01-22           出版日期:  2019-05-30      发布日期:  2019-06-06      期的出版日期:  2019-05-30
基金资助: 国家社会科学基金重点项目“中国碳市场成熟度及环境监管政策研究”(14AZD051);国家自然科学基金项目“基于智能技术的国际碳市场价格驱动因素研究”(71101133);教育部新世纪优秀人才支持计划“碳金融创新——国际二氧化碳排放权市场价格形成机制研究”(NCET-11-0725)
作者简介:  易兰,女,教授,yilan.china@gmail.com
引用本文:    
易兰,贺倩,李朝鹏,杨历. 碳市场建设路径研究:国际经验及对中国的启示[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2019, 15(3): 232-245.
Lan YI,Qian HE,Zhao-Peng LI,Li YANG. Research on the pathways of carbon market development: international experiences and implications for China. Climate Change Research, 2019, 15(3): 232-245.
链接本文:  
http://www.climatechange.cn/CN/10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2018.165  或          http://www.climatechange.cn/CN/Y2019/V15/I3/232
图1  国际典型碳市场分类结果
图2  碳市场建立背景与条件框架体系
表1  国际典型碳市场建立背景与条件
图3  中国碳市场建立背景与条件指标分布图 注:同类型碳市场均满足的子指标纳入该类型碳市场指标分布区域,重叠区分布指标为多类型碳市场共有指标。“√”表明中国碳市场满足该指标条件,“×”表明中国碳市场目前尚不满足该指标条件。同时,国家型碳市场与行业型碳市场衡量主体为中国国家层面,跨界联盟型碳市场与地区型碳市场衡量主体为中国国内地区层面。
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