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气候变化研究进展  2013, Vol. 9 Issue (5): 368-375    DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-1719.2013.05.009
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碳市场价格稳定机制探索及对中国碳市场建设的建议
莫建雷,朱 磊,范 英
中国科学院科技政策与管理科学研究所能源与环境政策研究中心, 北京 100190
Carbon Price Stabilization Mechanism and Its Implication for China
Mo Jianlei, Zhu Lei, Fan Ying
Center for Energy and Environmental Policy Research, Institute of Policy and Management, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
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摘要 通过总结欧盟碳排放权交易市场(EU ETS)的实践经验,提出了碳市场运行过程中潜在的碳排放权价格过度波动的问题,深入剖析了碳市场过度波动性的根源及其负面影响,在此基础上提出了引入碳市场价格稳定机制的必要性。文章系统分析了几种主要的碳市场价格稳定机制、相应的实施手段及可能存在的问题。根据EU ETS等国际碳市场的经验,建议中国在碳市场建立之初,应该考虑设计一套系统灵活、简单易行且实施成本较低的碳市场价格稳定方案,包括整个试点期内价格暴涨预防机制、价格暴跌预防机制以及试点期内各年份之间的价格波动平抑机制,使得碳市场充分发挥作用,以较低成本达成既定减排目标。
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莫建雷 朱磊 范英
关键词:  碳市场价格稳定机制  配额调整  存储借贷  抵消信用机制  碳交易试点    
Abstract: The potential problem of excessive carbon price fluctuation in the carbon emission trading schemes is proposed based on the experience of the EU emission trading scheme (EU ETS). Then possible factors leading to excessive carbon price fluctuations and the negative effect of the excessive price fluctuation are analyzed, and the necessity of using carbon price stabilization mechanism is clarified. Several kinds of carbon price stabilization mechanism and the means of implementing them are summarized, and the potential problem of the mechanisms is analyzed. Based on the analysis above, it is proposed that a systematic, flexible, easy-to-operate and low cost carbon price stabilization scheme should be designed at the initial development stage of the China’s carbon market, incorporating mechanisms to prevent the possible carbon price spurt or collapse and mechanisms to minimize price volatility among years over the entire pilot phase, so that the carbon abatement target could be realized at a low cost.
Key words:  carbon price stabilization mechanism    allowance allocation adjustment    banking and borrowing    offset mechanism    pilot carbon market
收稿日期:  2013-01-31      修回日期:  2013-06-18           出版日期:  2013-09-30      发布日期:  2013-09-30      期的出版日期:  2013-09-30
基金资助: 

我国统一碳市场建立的条件、机制设计及其社会经济影响;能源-环境-经济系统预测理论方法及应用;我国碳排放交易体系政策模拟平台与中长期发展战略研究

通讯作者:  范英    E-mail:  yfan@casipm.ac.cn
引用本文:    
莫建雷 朱磊 范英. 碳市场价格稳定机制探索及对中国碳市场建设的建议[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2013, 9(5): 368-375.
Mo Jianlei Zhu Lei Fan Ying. Carbon Price Stabilization Mechanism and Its Implication for China. Climate Change Research, 2013, 9(5): 368-375.
链接本文:  
http://www.climatechange.cn/CN/10.3969/j.issn.1673-1719.2013.05.009  或          http://www.climatechange.cn/CN/Y2013/V9/I5/368
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