Climate Change Research ›› 2014, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (3): 157-166.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-1719.2014.03.001

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Highlights and Understanding of Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability

Jiang Tong1, 2, Li Xiucang1, 2, Chao Qingchen1, Yuan Jiashuang3, Lin Erda4   

  1. 1 National Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, China;
    2 Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China; 
    3 Department of Science and Technology, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, China; 
    4 Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2014-02-24 Revised:2014-04-17 Online:2014-05-30 Published:2014-05-30
  • Contact: Tong Jiang

Abstract: On 31 March 2014, Climate Change 2014: Impacts, Adaptation, and Vulnerability, the Working Group II contribution to the IPCC Fifth Assessment Report (WGII AR5) was released. This report concluded that climate change had caused an extensive and far-reaching influence on global natural and human systems, including 11 sectors and 9 regions (i.e. all continents, polar regions and small islands). Eight kinds of key risks that span sectors and regions are investigated to threaten the natural and human systems. The human systems have obvious vulnerability and exposure to climate risks, in particularly to the climatic extremes. The climatic resilience of natural system and human society should be enhanced through disaster risk management with core of iterative processes and synergies. Combined with mitigation, and transformations in economy, society, technology, and political decisions and actions, a sustainable social and economic development can enable climate-resilient pathways by effective adaptation.

Key words: climate change, impact, adaptation, vulnerability, IPCC AR5, WGII

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