Climate Change Research ›› 2020, Vol. 16 ›› Issue (1): 88-98.doi: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2019.109

• Adaptation to Climate Change • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Development strategy of China’s coastal cities for addressing climate change

Yi-Jian XU   

  1. China Academy of Urban Planning & Design, Beijing 100037, China
  • Received:2019-05-14 Revised:2019-07-19 Online:2020-01-30 Published:2020-01-15


The strategic position of China’s coastal areas is very important, which has shown a trend that urban development centers are moving to coastal cities on national level, and coastal cities are developing close to seafront. However, the coastal cities are facing many severe challenges such as sea level rise and frequent extreme events caused by global climate change. In order to solve the conflict and clash between China’s development strategy towards the sea and global climate change at the strategic level, this paper puts forward the development strategy of China’s coastal cities to address climate change. The overarching goal is to build coastal climate resilient cities suitable for China’s national conditions. The principles are “planning leading the way, coordinating land and sea, adapting actively, mitigating positively, keeping moderate redundancy, and increasing resilience”. Meanwhile, eight main tasks have been clarified as follows: strengthening the management and control of urban planning, controlling the spatial development direction, optimizing urban layout, rigidly restricting the reclamation of the sea and island, improving planning and design standards of infrastructure, strengthening coastal protection facilities, consolidating urban infrastructure, and improving monitoring and early warning.

Key words: Climate change, Coastal cities, Adaptation, Resilient city, Coastal zone planning, Marine reclamation, Urban infrastructure

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