Climate Change Research ›› 2019, Vol. 15 ›› Issue (6): 693-699.doi: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2018.161

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Analysis on China’s climate securitization based on Copenhagen School

Xin MA1,Wen-Tao WANG2,3(),Xue-Yan ZHANG3,Shao-Hong WU3,Yan-Hua LIU4   

  1. 1 Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
    2 The Administrative Centre for China’s Agenda 21, Beijing 100038, China;
    3 Institute of Geography Science and Natural Resource Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
    4 Counselors’ Office of the State Council, Beijing 100006, China;
  • Received:2018-11-14 Revised:2019-02-11 Online:2019-11-30 Published:2019-11-30
  • Contact: Wen-Tao WANG


Climate change, as a typical “non-traditional security” issue, whose position in national security affairs has been debated for a long time. Securitization theory is an important method to analyze the non-traditional national security. The securitization factor method proposed by the Copenhagen School is used to compare the Sino-U.S. climate securitization level in this paper. The results are as follows. Security is an inter-subject phenomenon. China is in the process of “securitization” with political and scientific authority as main body, and the U.S. is in “non-securitization” process caused by political authority. Inter-subjectivity is identification degree of main body to “existential threat”. It is inharmonious between inter-subjective and progress of climate securitization in China. The top political leader has a higher level of climate securitization than the public. The means of expression of climate existential threat is a restrictive factor to public climate securitization level, which includes single perspective and media of securitization. The modes of global perspective and inter-state graphical comparison are induced to enhance the expression effect of existential threat, which can propose method to promote climate securitization level of China.

Key words: Climate securitization, Copenhagen School, Comparative analysis, China

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