Please wait a minute...
 
气候变化研究进展  2019, Vol. 15 Issue (4): 436-444    DOI: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2019.020
  对策论坛 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
《巴黎协定》实施细则适应议题焦点解析及后续中国应对措施
刘硕,李玉娥(),秦晓波,高清竹,万运帆
中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所/农业部农业环境与气候变化重点实验室,北京 100081
Main focus of adaptation under the implementation rules of the Paris Agreement and China’s future measures
Shuo LIU,Yu-E LI(),Xiao-Bo QIN,Qing-Zhu GAO,Yun-Fan WAN
Institute of Environment and Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences/Key Laboratory of Agro-Environment and Climate Change, Ministry of Agriculture, Beijing 100081, China
下载:  HTML ( 5 )   PDF (792KB) 
输出:  BibTeX | EndNote (RIS)      
摘要 

适应是《联合国气候变化框架公约》及其《巴黎协定》下的重要谈判内容。2018年12月举行的第24次缔约方大会(COP24)就适应议题后续实施方案达成了共识,为全球气候治理带来新的机遇和挑战。中国在未来全球气候治理中,如何借助新成果推动国内适应工作稳步发展,积极发挥中国作用,是新形势下亟需考虑的重要问题。基于此,本文梳理了适应议题的焦点问题、各集团和缔约方的立场观点,展望了2019—2025年适应相关议题主要工作安排,并对此提出了中国未来适应领域完成相关工作需要考虑的应对措施建议,包括:(1)深入分析国际信息报告体系与国内信息的联系,梳理国内适应工作亮点,为构建高质量报告奠定基础;(2)构建跨部门跨地区协作机制,加强信息搜集与完善,有效提高数据和信息统计功能;(3)强化气候变化适应技术、规范、标准等科学研究的作用,为制定政策规定时纳入相应技术要求、提高政策规定等需求提供科学性和可操作性的服务。

服务
把本文推荐给朋友
加入引用管理器
E-mail Alert
RSS
作者相关文章
刘硕
李玉娥
秦晓波
高清竹
万运帆
关键词:  适应  全球气候治理  巴黎协定  实施细则  应对措施    
Abstract: 

Adaptation is an important part of negotiations under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and its Paris Agreement. The 24th Conference of the Parties (COP24), held in December 2018, reached consensus on the follow-up implementation of adaptation issues, bringing new opportunities and challenges to global climate governance. In the future global climate governance, how to use the new achievements to promote the steady development of domestic adaptation and actively play China’s role is an important issue that needs to be considered urgently under the new situation. Based on this, this paper combed the focus of COP24 adaptation issues, the standpoints of groups and Parties, looked forward to the main arrangements of adaptation issues in the period of 2019-2025, and put forward some suggestions for future adaptation work in China, including: (1) analyzing the linkages between international information reporting system and domestic information, and sorting out and highlighting domestic information, in order to construct high-quality reports; (2) building a cross-sectoral and cross-regional collaboration mechanism, strengthening information collection and improvement, effectively improving the functions of data and information statistics; (3) strengthening the role of scientific research on climate change adaptation technologies, norms and standards, so as to provide incorporate relevant technical requirements and improve policy provisions in formulating policies and regulations as a kind of operational services.

Key words:  Adaptation    Global climate governance    Paris Agreement    Implementation rules    Response measures
收稿日期:  2019-01-22      修回日期:  2019-02-15           出版日期:  2019-07-30      发布日期:  2019-07-30      期的出版日期:  2019-07-30
基金资助: 生态环境部2018年国家应对气候变化专项“巴黎协定相关适应和损失损害问题研究”(201816)
通讯作者:  李玉娥    E-mail:  liyue@caas.cn
作者简介:  刘硕,女,助理研究员
引用本文:    
刘硕,李玉娥,秦晓波,高清竹,万运帆. 《巴黎协定》实施细则适应议题焦点解析及后续中国应对措施[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2019, 15(4): 436-444.
Shuo LIU,Yu-E LI,Xiao-Bo QIN,Qing-Zhu GAO,Yun-Fan WAN. Main focus of adaptation under the implementation rules of the Paris Agreement and China’s future measures. Climate Change Research, 2019, 15(4): 436-444.
链接本文:  
http://www.climatechange.cn/CN/10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2019.020  或          http://www.climatechange.cn/CN/Y2019/V15/I4/436
表1  适应信息通报导则焦点问题、各方观点
表2  适应委员会相关方法学焦点问题、各方立场和结果
表3  适应议题后续安排
[1] UNFCCC. Decision-/CMA.1. Further guidance in relation to the adaptation communication, including, inter alia, as a component of nationally determined contributions, referred to in Article 7, paragraphs 10 and 11, of the Paris Agreement (Advance unedited version) [R/OL]. 2018 [2018-12-26].
[2] UNFCCC. Matters referred to in paragraphs 41, 42 and 45 of decision 1/CP.21 [R/OL]. 2018 [2018-12-26].
[3] 人民网. 卡托维兹气候变化大会取得积极成果 [R/OL]. 2018 [ 2018- 12- 26]. .
The People’s Network. Katowice Climate Change Conference has achieved positive results [R/OL]. 2018 [ 2018- 12- 26]. (in Chinese)
[4] IPCC. Climate change 2014: synthesis report [M]. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014
[5] 陈敏鹏, 张宇丞, 刘硕 , 等. 《巴黎协定》特设工作组适应信息通报谈判的最新进展和展望[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2018,14(2):191-200.
Chen M P, Zhang Y C, Liu S , et al. Progress and outlook of the negotiation of adaptation communication under the Ad-Hoc Working Group of Paris Agreement[J]. Climate Change Research, 2018,14(2):191-200 (in Chinese)
[6] 陈敏鹏, 张宇丞, 李波 , 等. 《巴黎协定》适应和损失损害内容的解读和对策[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2016,12(3):251-257.
doi: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2016.006
Chen M P, Zhang Y C, Li B , et al. Interpretation of adaptation and loss and damage elements in Paris Agreement and possible solution for China[J]. Climate Change Research, 2016,12(3):251-257 (in Chinese)
doi: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2016.006
[7] UNFCCC. Paris Agreement [R/OL]. 2015 [ 2018- 12- 19].
[8] UNFCCC. Guidelines for the preparation of national communications by Parties included in Annex I to the Convention. FCCC/CP/1999/7 [R/OL]. 1999 [ 2018- 12- 29].
[9] UNFCCC. Guidelines for the preparation of national communications from Parties not included in Annex I to the Convention. FCCC/CP/2002/7/add.2 [R/OL]. 2002 [2018-12-29].
[10] LEG. National adaptation plans: technical guidelines for the national adaptation plan process [R/OL]. 2012 [2018-12-29].
[11] UNFCCC. Decision1/CP.16: The Cancun Agreements [R/OL]. 2010 [ 2018- 12- 15].
[12] 马欣, 李玉娥, 仲平 , 等. 联合国气候变化框架公约适应委员会职能谈判焦点解析[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2012,8(2):144-149.
Ma X, Li Y E, Zhong P , et al. Key issues for negotiation of adaptation committee under UNFCCC[J]. Progressus Inquisitiones de Mutatione Climatis, 2012,8(2):144-149 (in Chinese)
[13] 何霄嘉, 董利苹, 曲建升 , 等. 我国适应气候变化数据发展现状、需求和战略建议[J]. 遥感技术与应用, 2017,32(3):585-592.
He X J, Dong L P, Qu J S , et al. Current status, demands and recommen-dations on climate change adaptation data in China[J]. Remote Sensing Technology and Application, 2017,32(3):585-592 (in Chinese)
[14] 曹明德 . 完善中国气候变化适应性立法的思考[J]. 中州学刊, 2018,8:53-57.
Cao M D . Reflection on improving China’s adaptive legislation on climate change[J]. Academic Journal of Zhongzhou, 2018,8:53-57 (in Chinese)
[15] 中国第1时间. 中荷重视气候变化,携手创立全球适应委员会[R/OL]. 2018 [ 2018- 12- 29]. .
ZGDYSJ. China and the Netherlands attach importance to climate change, join hands to establish the Global Adaptation Committee [R/OL]. 2018 [ 2018- 12- 29]. (in Chinese)
[16] 何建坤 . 《巴黎协定》后全球气候治理的形势与中国的引领作用[J]. 中国环境管理, 2018 ( 1):9-14.
He J K . Situation of global climate governance and China’s leading role after the Paris Agreement[J]. Chinese Journal of Environmental Management, 2018 ( 1):9-14 (in Chinese)
[17] 王瑜贺, 张海滨 . 国外学术界对《巴黎协定》的评价及履约前景分析[J]. 中国人口·资源与环境, 2017,27(9):128-134.
Wang Y H, Zhang H B . Evaluation and performance prospect analysis of Paris Agreement by foreign academic circles[J]. China Population, Resources and Environment, 2017,27(9):128-134 (in Chinese)
[1] 陈兰,王文涛,朱留财,张黛玮. 绿色气候基金在全球气候治理体系中的作用和展望[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2019, 15(3): 326-334.
[2] 宋臻,史兴民,李欢娟,陈谢扬,高莹. 樱桃种植户对气候变化及气象灾害的适应行为效能感知研究[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2019, 15(3): 313-325.
[3] 李欢娟,史兴民. 基于计划行为理论的樱桃种植户对气候变化与气象灾害适应行为研究[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2019, 15(3): 301-312.
[4] 高帅,李梦宇,段茂盛,王灿. 《巴黎协定》下的国际碳市场机制:基本形式和前景展望[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2019, 15(3): 222-231.
[5] 陈德亮,秦大河,效存德,苏勃. 气候恢复力及其在极端天气气候灾害管理中的应用[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2019, 15(2): 167-177.
[6] 杨建平,丁永建,方一平. 中国冰冻圈变化的适应研究:进展与展望[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2019, 15(2): 178-186.
[7] 朱松丽. 从巴黎到卡托维兹:全球气候治理中的统一和分裂[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2019, 15(2): 206-211.
[8] 苏鑫,滕飞. 美国退出《巴黎协定》对全球温室气体排放的影响[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2019, 15(1): 74-83.
[9] 林洁,祁悦,蔡闻佳,王灿. 公平实现《巴黎协定》目标的碳减排贡献分担研究综述[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2018, 14(5): 529-539.
[10] 张倩,艾丽坤. 适应性治理与气候变化:内蒙古草原案例分析与对策探讨[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2018, 14(4): 411-422.
[11] 侯志瑞, 陈琼, 周强, 刘峰贵, 马伟东. 青藏高原东北缘山地农户对气候变化的感知及适应策略——以湟水中游为例[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2018, 14(2): 175-181.
[12] 陈敏鹏, 张宇丞, 刘硕, 李玉娥. 《巴黎协定》特设工作组适应信息通报谈判的最新进展和展望[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2018, 14(2): 191-200.
[13] 刘硕, 张宇丞, 李玉娥, 马欣. 中国气候变化南南合作对《巴黎协定》后适应谈判的影响[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2018, 14(2): 210-217.
[14] 吴静, 朱潜挺, 王诗琪, 王铮. 巴黎协定背景下全球减排博弈模拟研究[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2018, 14(2): 182-190.
[15] 胡恒智, 顾婷婷, 田展. 气候变化背景下的洪涝风险稳健决策方法评述[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2018, 14(1): 77-85.
[1] . A New Method to Construct Anomaly Series of Climatic Energy Consumption for Urban Residential Heating in Jilin Province[J]. Climate Change Research, 2008, 04(001): 32 -36 .
[2] . Analysis of Factors Impacting China's CO2 Emissions During 1971-2005[J]. Climate Change Research, 2008, 04(001): 42 -47 .
[3] Cao Guoliang;Zhang Xiaoye; Wang Yaqiang;et al.. Inventory of Black Carbon Emission from China[J]. Climate Change Research, 2007, 03(00): 75 -81 .
[4] . Dryness/Wetness Changes in Qinghai Province During 1959-2003[J]. Climate Change Research, 2007, 03(06): 356 -361 .
[5] Xu Xiaobin;Lin Weili; Wang Tao;et al.. Long-term Trend of Tropospheric Ozone over the Yangtze Delta Region of China[J]. Climate Change Research, 2007, 03(00): 60 -65 .
[6] Gao Qingxian; Du Wupeng; Lu Shiqing;et al.. Methane Emission from Municipal Solid Waste Treatments in China[J]. Climate Change Research, 2007, 03(00): 70 -74 .
[7] . Guide to Authors[J]. Climate Change Research, 2006, 02(00): 84 .
[8] . Granger Causality Test for Detection and Attribution of Climate Change[J]. Climate Change Research, 2008, 04(001): 37 -41 .
[9] . AIntra-annual Inhomogeneity Characteristics of Precipitation over Northwest China[J]. Climate Change Research, 2007, 03(05): 276 -281 .
[10] . Projection of Future Precipitation Extremes in the Yangtze River Basin for 2001-2050[J]. Climate Change Research, 2007, 03(06): 340 -344 .
Viewed
Full text


Abstract

Cited

  Shared   
  Discussed   
京ICP备11008704号-4
版权所有 © 《气候变化研究进展》编辑部
地址:北京市海淀区中关村南大街46号 邮编:100081 电话/传真:(010)58995171 E-mail:accr@cma.gov.cn
本系统由北京玛格泰克科技发展有限公司设计开发 技术支持:support@magtech.com.cn