Climate Change Research ›› 2021, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (2): 195-203.doi: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2020.103

• Adaptation to Climate Change • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Nature-based Solution: potential and economic benefits of carbon removal or carbon emission reduction through forestry approaches

TIAN Hui-Ling1, ZHU Jian-Hua1,2,3(), LI Chen-Yu1, XIAO Wen-Fa1,2,3   

  1. 1 Research Institute of Forest Ecology, Environment and Protection, Chinese Academy of Forestry/Key Laboratory of Forest Ecology and Environment of National Forestry and Grassland Administration, Beijing 100091, China
    2 Scientific and Technological Collaborative Innovation Center for the Yangtze River Economic Belt Ecological Conservation, National Forestry and Grassland Administration, Beijing 100091, China
    3 Co-innovation Center for Sustainable Forestry in Southern China, Nanjing Forestry University, Nanjing 210037, China
  • Received:2020-05-25 Revised:2020-07-02 Online:2021-03-30 Published:2021-04-02
  • Contact: ZHU Jian-Hua


Nature-based Solutions (NbS) in forestry sector, which are often chosen as the most important approaches to address climate change, have obtained increasing support from governments and scientists, and have been incorporated into relative international climate agreements. Based on an introduction to the concepts, approaches, policies and practices of NbS all over the world, mitigation potential and economic benefits of NbS in forestry sector are reviewed in this paper. Results show that afforestation/reforestation would has higher technical mitigation potential, while reducing deforestation and forest management are more cost-benefit mitigation approaches in forestry sector around the whole world. The practice and scientific research on NbS in forestry in China are still insufficient, but the existing major forestry ecological projects have produced significant emission reduction and economic benefits. It is necessary to further deepen and develop related standards and measurement system construction, research on emission reduction technologies and economic potential, as well as on incentive and guarantee mechanism, and enhancement of public awareness on NbS in forestry sector in China.

Key words: Nature-based Solutions (NbS), Forestry approach, Emission reduction, Economic benefit

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