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气候变化研究进展  2019, Vol. 15 Issue (4): 352-362    DOI: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2018.177
  气候系统变化 本期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索 |
ENSO背景下基于柯本分类法的我国气候分类
李一曼,叶谦()
北京师范大学地理科学学部,北京 100875
Climate classification over China based on Köppen climate classification in the context of ENSO
Yi-Man LI,Qian YE()
Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
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摘要 

采用传统柯本气候分类法,对1966—2016年的22个厄尔尼诺和拉尼娜年中国气候进行合成分析,并与50年平均的气候分类结果对比。结果表明:ENSO年从整体上对气候带分布的影响不大,我国仍主要由4个气候分区主导;厄尔尼诺和拉尼娜发生年和次年对气候型和气候副型的影响都较为显著,尤其是我国南方地区、西北干旱区及东北地区;厄尔尼诺和拉尼娜发生年我国存在5个厄尔尼诺/拉尼娜敏感区,即藏南地区、陕西中部、四川中部、辽东半岛和内蒙古东部,这些敏感区的冬季出现明显偏干化趋势;拉尼娜发生年,我国还存在两个拉尼娜敏感区,即长江中下游地区和华南地区,这些地区冬季出现明显偏干化趋势;除此外,厄尔尼诺和拉尼娜发生次年,我国存在4个厄尔尼诺/拉尼娜敏感区,即四川中部、陕西中部、辽东半岛、内蒙古东部;厄尔尼诺发生次年,我国还存在4个厄尔尼诺敏感区,即长江中下游地区、华南地区、云南东部及两广丘陵中部地区。

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李一曼
叶谦
关键词:  ENSO  柯本气候分类  气候型  敏感区    
Abstract: 

In this study, the traditional Köppen climate classification was used to composite analyze the climate of 22 El Niño and La Niña years in China during the period 1966-2015, and the results were compared with those in the 50 years from 1966 to 2015. The results are as follows. During ENSO years, there are no significant changes on the distribution of the climate zones as a whole. China is mainly dominant by four climate zones. The climate types and subtypes, however, are changed significantly during El Niño and La Niña years and next years, especially in southern, northeastern and northwestern China. There are five sub-regions in China, namely southeastern Tibet, the central of Shaanxi province, the central of Sichuan province, Liaodong Peninsula and eastern Inner Mongolia, which are sensitive to both El Niño and La Niña years, and these sensitive regions tend to be drier in winter. There are still two sub-regions in China, namely the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River and South China, which are sensitive to La Niña years and also tend to be drier in winter. In addition, there are four sub-regions in China, namely the central of Shaanxi province, the central of Sichuan province, Liaodong Peninsula and eastern Inner Mongolia, which are sensitive to the next years of both El Niño and La Niña. There are also four sub-regions in China, namely the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, South China, the east of Yunnan province and the central of Guangdong and Guangxi Hills, which are sensitive to the next years of El Niño.

Key words:  ENSO    Köppen climate classification    Climate type    Sensitive regions
收稿日期:  2018-12-04      修回日期:  2019-02-14           出版日期:  2019-07-30      发布日期:  2019-07-30      期的出版日期:  2019-07-30
基金资助: 国家重点研发计划(2016YFA0602503);国家重点研发计划(YS2017YFGH000562)
通讯作者:  叶谦    E-mail:  11112011026@bnu.edu.cn
作者简介:  李一曼,女,硕士研究生,liymsr@163.com
引用本文:    
李一曼,叶谦. ENSO背景下基于柯本分类法的我国气候分类[J]. 气候变化研究进展, 2019, 15(4): 352-362.
Yi-Man LI,Qian YE. Climate classification over China based on Köppen climate classification in the context of ENSO. Climate Change Research, 2019, 15(4): 352-362.
链接本文:  
http://www.climatechange.cn/CN/10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2018.177  或          http://www.climatechange.cn/CN/Y2019/V15/I4/352
表1  1966—2016年间厄尔尼诺年与拉尼娜年
表2  柯本气候符号及划分条件
图1  基于柯本气候分类的1966—2015年中国气候型分布
图2  基于柯本气候分类的不同情景下气候带面积分布
图3  基于柯本气候分类的不同情景下典型气候型面积分布
图4  厄尔尼诺和拉尼娜发生年(a, b)和发生次年(c, d)的中国气候型分布
图5  厄尔尼诺和拉尼娜发生年(a, b)和发生次年(c, d)中国气候型差异分布
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