Climate Change Research ›› 2017, Vol. 13 ›› Issue (4): 398-404.doi: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2016.195

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The Role of Out-Migration in Villagers’ Adaptation to Drought—A Case of Baoshan, Yunnan, China

Zou Yahui1, Soumyadeep Banerjee2   

  1. 1 Institute of Economics, Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences, Kunming 650034, China
    2 International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development, Kathmandu 100023, Nepal
  • Received:2016-09-26 Revised:2017-04-27 Online:2017-07-30 Published:2017-07-30
  • Contact: Ya-hui ZOU


Based on the questionnaire survey and key informant interview conducted in Baoshan prefecture located in western Yunnan province, this paper explores, while government promoted farmers’ out-migration as a response to local drought, the impacts of out-migration on local farmers climate change adaptability, through a comprehensive and comparative study on the difference of income source, drought response, family income distribution between remittance-recipient families and non remittance-recipient families. Results show that the remittance brought back by out migrated farmers had a positive effect on the climate change adaptability of their families stayed in the origin. On the other hand, the mass out-migration of rural laborers also created potential problems, such as laborer shortage, for local agricultural development. It is suggested that in the future, vocational training for out-migration farmers, should include important courses such as family financial management, climate change and other related content to strengthen the climate change adaptability for farmers and rural communities; government should promote the concept of climate smart agriculture and localized adaptation strategies.

Key words: drought, out-migration, farmer’s adaptability, Baoshan Yunnan

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