Climate Change Research ›› 2015, Vol. 11 ›› Issue (3): 185-194.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-1719.2015.03.005
Zheng Meidi, Cao Long
This study was conducted by using the UVic Earth System Model to simulate the change of seawater chemistry and analyze the chemical habitat surrounding shallow- and cold-water coral reefs from the year 1800 to 2300 under RCP2.6, RCP4.5, RCP6.0, and RCP8.5 scenarios. The results show that the global ocean will continue to absorb atmospheric CO2. Global mean surface ocean temperature will rise 1.1-2.8 K at the end of the 21st century across RCP scenarios. Meanwhile, the global mean surface ocean pH will drop 0.14 to 0.42 and the ocean surface mean concentration of carbonate will decrease 20% to 51%. The saturation state of sea water with respect to calcite carbonate minerals (W) will decrease rapidly. During the pre-industrial period, 99% of the shallow-water coral reefs were surrounded by seawater with W >3.5, and 87% of the deep-sea coral reefs were surrounded by seawater with aragonite supersaturation. Within the 21st century, except for the high mitigation scenario of RCP2.6, almost none shallow-water coral reefs will be surrounded by seawater with W >3.5. Under the intensive emission scenario of RCP8.5, the aragonite saturation horizon will rise to 308 m under water by 2100 from 1138 m at the pre-industrial period, thus 73% of the cold-water coral reefs will be surrounded by seawater with aragonite undersaturation. By the year 2300, only 5% of the cold-water coral reefs will be surrounded by seawater with aragonite supersaturation.
aragonite saturation state,
shallow-water coral reefs,
cold-water coral reefs
Zheng Meidi, Cao Long. Simulation of Global Ocean Acidification and Chemical Habitats of Shallow- and Cold-Water Coral Reefs[J]. Climate Change Research, 2015, 11(3): 185-194.
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