Climate Change Research ›› 2014, Vol. 10 ›› Issue (4): 240-245.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-1719.2014.04.002

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The Interpretation of Freshwater Resources in the Fifth Assessment Report of IPCC

Zhai Jianqing1, 2, Zhan Mingjin3, 4, 5, Su Buda1, 6, Jiang Tong1, 2   

  1. 1 National Climate Center, China Meteorological Administration, Beijing 100081, China; 
    2 Collaborative Innovation Center on Forecast and Evaluation of Meteorological Disasters, Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology, Nanjing 210044, China; 
    3 Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China; 
    4 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China; 
    5 Climate Center of Jiangxi, Nanchang 330046, China; 
    6 Xinjiang Institute of Ecology and Geography, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Ürümqi 830011, China
  • Received:2014-02-12 Revised:2014-04-17 Online:2014-07-30 Published:2014-07-30
  • Contact: Su Buda

Abstract: The IPCC Working Group II (WGII) Fifth Assessment Report (AR5) reported that freshwater-related risks of climate change increased significantly with increasing greenhouse gas emissions. The observed hydrological changes due to climate change were assessed including precipitation, evapotranspiration, soil moisture, permafrost, glaciers, stream flow and groundwater etc. Meanwhile, the projected hydrological changes and freshwater-related impacts, vulnerabilities and risks due to climate change were assessed. It is necessary to take adaptive measures and implement risk management that would exploit the positive impacts and impair the negative impacts of climate change.

Key words: freshwater resources, impacts, adaptation, vulnerabilities, IPCC AR5, WGII

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