Climate Change Research ›› 2023, Vol. 19 ›› Issue (3): 389-399.doi: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2023.003

• Global Climate Governance • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Challenges faced by the negotiation of global goal on adaptation in COP27 and China’s countermeasures

LIU Shuo1,2(), LI Yu-E1,2(), WANG Bin1,2, CAI An-Dong1,2   

  1. 1 Institute of Environmental and Sustainable Development in Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
    2 Key Laboratory of Agro-Environment and Climate Change, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Beijing 100081, China
  • Received:2023-01-09 Revised:2023-03-08 Online:2023-05-30 Published:2023-04-28


Adapting to climate change has become one of the important contents of international climate governance. In 2021, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Paris Agreement launched the “Glasgow-Sharm el-Sheikh Work Programme on Global Goal on Adaptation (GGA Work Programme)”, which aims to improve the implementation of global adaptation actions, enhance the effectiveness of adaptation actions and strengthen support through the systematic construction of the overall concept of adaptation and the monitoring and evaluation system of adaptation actions. The 27th UNFCCC conference of the Parties held in 2022 proposed a new conceptual technical framework for GGA. However, how to integrate the concepts, data, methods and indicators at the national level into the global adaptation governance system is still lack of systematic scheme design, which hinders the progress of the negotiation of the GGA, reduces the reliability of the conclusions of the Paris Agreement on the matching of adaptation actions and support, and weakens the assessment accuracy of the progress of the implementation of adaptation support provided by developed countries to developing countries. In response to this problem, this study analysis the latest negotiation progress of the COP27 GGA work program, national or group proposals and the technical report of the Adaptation Committee were combed, the key technical difficulties of the concept, indicators and methods of adaptation were identified, and a result that the current proportion of funds to support adaptation actions is less than 30% was determined by analyzing the proportion of adaptation funds in the GEF and technology fields under the UNFCCC mechanism. The study also presents the challenges on existing global adaptation analysis tools in supporting adaptation needs assessment. At the same time, based on the national needs put forward by China’s adaptation strategy, the corresponding solutions and technical paths have been constructed for three main technical weaknesses, namely, the imperfect adaptation concept system, the lack of adaptation action monitoring and evaluation methods and indicator system, and the lack of report specifications that can be used to summarize domestic information and submit to the international community for compliance. All above technical work could strengthen the comprehensive capacity of formulating sound negotiation strategies for China in future.

Key words: Global Goal on Adaptation (GGA), International negotiation, Challenges, Needs, Solutions pathway

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