Climate Change Research ›› 2022, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (5): 546-556.doi: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2022.072

• Special Section on the Sixth Assessment Report of IPCC: WGIII • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Demand-side mitigation pathways, potential, and policies for wellbeing and equity

ZHENG Xin-Zhu1, DONG Xin-Yang2, WANG Can2()   

  1. 1 School of Economics and Management, China University of Petroleum-Beijing, Beijing 102249, China
    2 School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • Received:2022-04-08 Revised:2022-05-06 Online:2022-09-30 Published:2022-08-17
  • Contact: WANG Can


Demand-side mitigation is a critical pathway to achieving carbon neutrality, wellbeing for all, and social equity coordinatively, since it puts “people” at the center of decision and links various Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) together. The Sixth Assessment Report (AR6) of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) presents an independent chapter (Chapter 5) to address the demand, services, and social aspects of mitigation for the first time. The report links demand-side mitigation with multiple social sustainable development goals and clarifies that the demand-side mitigation targets include not only climate change tackling but also wellbeing and equity improvement. It collects hundreds of demand-side mitigation measures by the “Avoid-Shift-Increase (ASI)” framework and presents the associated mitigation potential. Furthermore, key driving factors of demand-side mitigation, including social culture, psychological activities, technology, and infrastructure, are investigated, as well as the interlinkages among the driving factors. Last but not least, multiple behavioral interventions and policy designs are presented o enhance the motivation and the capacity of demand-side mitigation. This article briefly interprets the main conclusions of IPCC AR6 Chapter 5 and discusses its research and policy implications for China.

Key words: Demand-side mitigation, Avoid-Shift-Improve (ASI), Decent living standards, Social-culture, Behavioral interventions

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