Climate Change Research ›› 2022, Vol. 18 ›› Issue (4): 405-413.doi: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2022.051

• Special Section on the Sixth Assessment Report of IPCC: WGII • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Interpretation of IPCC AR6: climate change and water security

LIU Junguo(), CHEN He, TIAN Zhan   

  1. School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China
  • Received:2022-03-17 Revised:2022-03-30 Online:2022-07-30 Published:2022-04-29


Water security is the centrality in adapting and mitigating climate change. It is also critical in meeting the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In the IPCC Sixth Assessment Report (AR6), Working Group II established Chapter 4 of “Water”. This Chapter assesses observed and projected climate-induced changes in the water cycle, their current impacts and future risks on human and natural systems. This chapter also assesses the current and future water scarcity risks, the benefits and effectiveness of water-related adaptations. The assessment results show that human-induced climate change has led to an accelerated global hydrological cycle, thereby affecting water security and exacerbating water-related vulnerabilities. Water-related risks are projected to increase with every degree of global warming, especially in more vulnerable and exposed regions. Limiting global warming to 1.5℃ would effectively reduce future water-related risks, and contribute to meet the triple goals of water security, sustainable and climate-resilient development. China is experiencing high water security risks, and has a grand societal demand on scientific and technological advancements in water security. In future, water security research needs to emphasize the ecological and hydrological effects of gray and green infrastructure, three-dimensional water scarcity assessment, water-food-energy nexus, and the development and application of Earth System Simulators.

Key words: IPCC AR6, Water cycle, Water security, Water scarcity, Adaptations

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