Climate Change Research ›› 2021, Vol. 17 ›› Issue (5): 548-558.doi: 10.12006/j.issn.1673-1719.2020.298

• Adaptation to Climate Change • Previous Articles     Next Articles

Mainstreaming gender in actions on climate change

LIU Lei()   

  1. Foreign Environmental Cooperation Center, Ministry of Ecology and Environment of China, Beijing 100035, China
  • Received:2020-12-25 Revised:2021-02-19 Online:2021-09-30 Published:2021-09-28


Women are more vulnerable to climate change, but women’s leadership and participation is important for climate change. The international community has gradually realized the importance of including gender considerations in the process of tackling climate change. Gender issues have been mainstreamed in international climate negotiations, and considerable progress has been made in incorporating gender considerations at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) implementation level. Climate financing mechanisms such as the Global Environment Facility and the Green Climate Fund have incorporated gender policy into the institutional policy system, and actively promote the implementation of gender policy at the project level. Although progress has been made, problems still exist such as women’s limited involvement in climate-related decisions and lack of gender response in mitigation. In China, activities need to be carried out to mainstream gender in climate change actions. Suggestions are as follows: promote research on gender issues in the field of climate change to provide support for the implementation of the contract; incorporate gender considerations into climate-related policy systems and build communication and collaboration with gender authorities; strengthen institutional gender capacity of climate change authorities and clarify the responsibilities for promoting gender mainstreaming in climate change; enhance gender mainstreaming in domestic projects, “Belt and Road” projects and “South-South Cooperation” projects; and effectively enhance women’s capacity and participation in climate actions.

Key words: Climate change, Gender mainstreaming, Gender equality, Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC)

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